Workforce Investment Act (WIA)/Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) employment and training programs serve unemployed, underemployed, and disadvantaged youth through a variety of programs and resources. WIOA services are delivered at the local level. The Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Services (ODJFS) and the U.S. Department of Labor provide the framework for a workforce development system designed to meet the needs of employers, job seekers, and current workers who want to advance their careers. The goal of WIOA is to increase participant employment, job retention, earnings, and occupational skill attainment. More information is available at the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) website.
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was signed into law on July 22, 2014. WIOA is designed to help job seekers access employment, education, training, and support services to succeed in the labor market and to match employers with the skilled workers they need to compete in the global economy. WIOA supersedes the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 and amends the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, the Wagner-Peyser Act, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. WIOA takes effect on July 1, 2015, the first full program year after enactment. As a result, data reported prior to the 2015-16 program year includes WIA completers, whereas beginning in 2015-16 completers will be WIOA employment and training services completers.
- WIOA (Adult) - Individuals are eligible for the Adult WIOA employment and training programs if they are unemployed or underemployed and have a family income that does not exceed the threshold for poverty. Priority is given to adults who are recipients of public assistance, low-income individuals, or individuals with low basic skill levels.
- WIOA (Dislocated Worker) - Dislocated workers are individuals with significant attachment to the workforce, who have lost their employment through no fault of their own, such as layoffs or permanent closure of their place of employment.
- WIOA (Youth) - Youth programs serve out-of-school youth who are ages 16-24, not attending any school, and meeting one or more additional conditions such as: school dropout, homeless, pregnant or parenting, and/or low-income. Youth who are in school must be ages 14-21, attending school, low income, and meet one or more additional conditions that would affect his or her ability to complete an educational program or to secure and hold employment.